Topics about collecting Pickelhauben and stuff related to imperial Germany

Pickelhaube - Modifications during 1891-1894


Introduction of the M91 helmet for infantry - strictly speaking, just a modification of the M87 helmet by the following points:

  • Introduction of the M91 button for fastening the chinstrap or the chinscale, as the thorn buckle fastening with hooks had not proven itself. The pointer of the M91 button should point to up/back direction.
  • Adoption of the split pin rosettes used on officers' helmets since 1871 for enlisted helmets, provided they wore chinscales.
  • The central hole of the cockades had to be enlarged to about 14 to 15 mm diameter so that it could be mounted with the M91 button.
  • The introduction of the smaller eagle plate with 11-11,5 cm height was continued.
  • Reintroduction of the metal trim around the front visor. It was introduced a little later, because according to the decree of the Minister of War of March 24, 1891, the visor trim in the clothing budget was only included with reservations at first. Only on March 18, 1892 was the clothing budget changed so that the visor trim around the front visor was generally introduced with effect from April 1, 1892 and included in the budget.
Source: Armee-Verordnungsblatt, vol. 25 (1891), page 2 (


Source: Armee-Verordnungsblatt, vol. 25 (1891), page 99 (

Source: Armee-Verordnungsblatt, vol. 26 (1892), page 58 (


Source: Armee-Verordnungsblatt, vol. 26 (1892), page 60 (

Pickelhaube M1891 (Courtesy of Tony Schnurr -


Introduction of the field and maneuver helmet cover made of reed green fabric. These replaced the white maneuver caps, which only partially concealed the shiny parts (see blog entry of June 23, 2022).

Source: Geschichte des 1. Thüringischen Infanterie-Regiments Nr. 31 (published in 1894), page 491


Introduction of the M91 chinstrap (foot troops) and M91 chinscales (mounted units) for all cavalry, artillery and train headgear.

Source: Armee-Verordnungsblatt - Volume 28 (1894), page 166 (




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